Heel pain (plantar fasciitis)
Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of heel pain. It occurs when the band of tissue (the plantar fascia) that extends from the heel to the toes becomes inflamed or injured.
This can be caused by general overuse, but tight calf muscles also can contribute. These muscles act like shock absorbers when you walk, and when they become tight and inflexible, your body compensates and places more stress on your feet.
Fix it: Rest, ice, and over-the-counter painkillers reduce soreness and inflammation. After that, calf exercises can improve calf strength and flexibility. Stand near a wall or chair for support with your feet shoulder-width apart. Then rise on your toes to a point of resistance and hold for five to 10 seconds. Lower, and repeat five to 10 times.